What are the basics of Panchang, and how should one read it?


Panchang’s computations are far more accurate than traditional horoscopes. Panchang forecasts the optimum days for travel and other vital life activities.

With the guidance of Panchang, you may precisely organize your interview, vacations, investments, and favorable times to begin certain critical chores, holidays, and pujas.

The Panchang can tell you whether the day is fortunate and suitable for a particular purpose based on Vara, Thithi, Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana. Days are labeled Amruta, Siddha, Marana, and Shubha.

As a result, Panchang has evolved into an essential element of Hindu religious life in various ways. Panchang is widely available on the internet. Those with a rudimentary understanding of Panchang components can use the digital Hindu calendar to determine the day that has religious significance.

Purpose of post

In this post, we study the significance of Panchang and the etymology of the calendar’s uncommon words (In Step 2). Later in the essay, we’ll review the fundamentals of reading the Panchang and learn how to read the Hindu calendar.

The bulk of Indian festivals, including fasts, are observed by regional Hindu calendars based on two fundamental elements: the Solar Calendar and the Lunar Calendar. These are referred to as Lunisolar calendars.

Those who are devout and believe in Vedas, Jyotish Shastra, or the Vedas pay close attention to Panchang. In addition, per the Panchang system, they commemorate New Year on the first day of the year. On spiritually significant Panchang dates, devotees go for exceptional contributions, offer prayers, and do religious prayers.

Types of Calendars:

Before we begin learning Panchang, let us first define the two kinds of calendars: Solar calendars are based on the planet Sun’s transition system. In different areas of India, you can observe all of the Sankranti(s) based on the calendar and read according to distinct norms.

Lunar Calendars:

These calendars are based on the lunar component and track the Moon’s transition. The lunar calendars are important while seeking Shubh Muhurat dates. In addition, the Panchang is classified as a lunar calendar.

Advantages of Using Panchangam

  • Thithyeshcha Shreeyamapnothi Aayushyavardhanam Vaaraath
  • Harathepaapam Nakshathraath Roganivaranam Yogaath
  • Karanaath Karyasiddhishchaath Dashamephalam Panchangam

Knowledge of Thithi confers Wealth, Wisdom of Vaara extends Life, Knowledge of Nakshatra cleanses Sins, Information of Yoga heals Diseases, and Knowledge of Karana assures Success. Workplace success


Vaara, Thithi, Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana are the five attributes of all instances of time. These determine the details of Panchang today and how it will affect the immediate future. 

These five traits are mentioned for each day of the year in the Panchangam almanack. (Pancha and anga) The Sun and Moon positions determine these qualities. Panchangam determines these five essential time qualities for Sankalpa, vratas, shraddhas, and others.

Can a layperson understand Panchang?

Essential mathematical calculation expertise is required to understand Panchang. However, to help the average man, astronomers have drawn out the Panchang in minute detail. One may read and comprehend Panchang using Panchang and basic mathematics.

Panchang can assist him in understanding the planets and if they are favorable or unfavorable for him.

Though an in-depth interpretation of Panchang has an exclusive realm of an astronomer and Shastra specialist, ordinary people may undoubtedly rely on Panchang to learn about the Phalita.

The Hindu Calendar

The Hindu calendar Panchang, like the English or Western calendars, is based upon the year (Samvat), monthly (Maah or Maas), and the days (var), with dates (tithi). The Panchang calendar is a Hindu chronology that depicts the lunar months.

A moon month is a time of approximately 29.5 days during which the Moon accomplishes one orbit around the Earth.

Individuals who believe in the motions of the sun, stars, and planets use Vedic Astrology-based Panchang to determine the auspicious day and hour (Muhurat).

They begin new projects and other significant life events like marriages, home initiation ceremonies, and festival festivities according to the Hindu calendar Panchang.

Influence of the Moon

During the transition between Full Moon to New Moon and again from New Moon to Full Moon, the Moon portrays 15 equally calculated arcs. The Poornima, or Full Moon, occurs when the Moon is completely illuminated.

On the contrary hand, a New Moon denotes Amavasya, or the inability to see the Moon’s brightness. These 15-day intervals are referred to as the Krishna or Shukla Pakshas.

They are also Pehla Pakhwada and Badi (Krishna Paksha) or Dusra Pakhwada and Sudi (Shukla Paksha). The Moon following Purnima is known as the declining Moon. As a result, it will remain in this category until there is an Amavasya.

The calculation of days

This is a very crucial notion for Hindus to understand while learning to read Panchang. The Shubh Muhurats are the auspicious days, times, and timings that benefit carrying out specific jobs according to the planets.

Furthermore, Panchang‘s reading aids in determining these based on the mix of Vaar (Day), Tithi (Date), or Nakshatra (Planets and Stars).

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